Deportation of people during the Second World War plays exceptional role in the history of the punitive system of the USSR.

- Forced deportation is a type of punishment used in the USSR from the very beginning of its existence. The penalty is forced expulsion to a remote area, which differs tremendously from the residence of the expelled person.

- Various groups of citizens were subjected to a deportation in the USSR. Often entire nationalities were expelled, because they somehow did not please the top management.

- The deportation peaked during the Second World War.

The Decree of the Presidium of the USSR armed forces
"On the resettlement of Germans living in the Volga region."
The Resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) and the SNK of the USSR of may 16, 1941
"on measures to purge the Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian SSR of anti-Soviet,
criminal and socially dangerous elements"
The Resolution of the Council
of People's Commissars of the USSR
"On the legal status of special settlers" was adopted.

In total, more than 2,000,000 people were evicted during the war.

These are thousands of families who had been left to survive in completely new and harsh living conditions. There were thousands of broken lives, thousands of abandoned children.